Know Your Skin Type? 5 Skin Types Explained

Know Your Skin Type

Do you know your skin type? It’s the most important step in nailing your perfect skin care routine. If you’re feeling confused about your skin type, here are 5 of the most common and how to care for each one.

Dry skin

General characteristics of dry skin include really small, almost invisible pores, a feeling of tightness in the skin and flaky patches. Those with dry skin are more likely candidates for the appearance of premature wrinkles.

Dry skin is often hereditary, with certain genetic predispositions impacting the amount of sebum produced by the skin’s oil glands. Sebum plays a big role in keeping skin supple and dry skin types produce less.

Avoid harsh cleansers at all costs, steering clear of any product that contains benzoyl peroxide or most ‘foaming’ cleansers in general. These types of cleansers strip natural sebum from the skin, leaving it drier than the Sahara in summer.

It’s no surprise that moisturiser is absolutely essential for dry skin and finding the right one is crucial. Sticking with plant-based moisturisers and organic skin care products in general and avoiding chemical filled products is your best bet for dry skin. Dry skin is often sensitive, this sensitivity can be heightened by toxins found in many products.

Moisturisers containing oil are great for dry skin types as they’re usually extra hydrating.  The small lipid particles in oils penetrate past the epidermal barrier (skin’s top layer)  delivering nutrients to deeper layers of the skin.

Dry skin types should avoid taking super hot long showers and can consider using a humidifier at night

Oily Skin

Oily skin types are very familiar with the word ‘shine’. Shiny forehead, shiny cheeks, shiny chin. A shiny face, thicker skin texture and possible acne breakouts are general characteristics of oily skin.

This skin type can be pinned to genetic and hormonal factors. We know genetics affect how active your oil glands are and how much sebum they produce. In the case of oily skin types; that’s a lot! Sebum comes through the skin’s pores and hair follicles, during times of hormonal fluctuation, the production of sebum is stimulated. An overproduction of sebum can expand and clog pores, resulting in breakouts and acne.

Oily skin types should steer clear of harsh cleansers which strip the skin of oil. This triggers the glands to produce even more sebum to compensate for the loss, resulting in even oiler skin.

Regular, gentle exfoliation is a must to remove the buildup of dead skin cells and dirt that becomes trapped in the enlarged pores, triggering breakouts. When it comes to exfoliation, stick with certified organic skin care options; it’s better for your skin and the environment.

It’s not all bad news. Oily skin tends to age slowly due to the thicker skin texture which is more robust; less prone to fine lines, wrinkles and dehydration.

Combination skin

Combination skin is one of the most common skin types and as the name suggests, it’s a blend of different skin types.  

Often it’s a mix of oily and dry skin; experiencing dry, flakiness on some areas of the face and excessive oil on others, like the t-zone. You may think you’re an oily skin type when in fact, you have combination skin.

This means you need to strike the perfect balance of exfoliating and cleansing the skin without irritating it. Sticking with natural ingredients is the key and avoiding products with synthetic fragrances. It can also be beneficial to include 2 different types of moisturisers in your routine, a heavier option for the dry areas and a lighter moisturiser for the oily areas.

Sensitive skin

All skin types can be sensitive, you may have the characteristics of dry, oily or combination skin but deal with problems like irritation and redness.  

The term “sensitive” covers a wide spectrum of issues; some people may be born with sensitive skin type others develop sensitivity.

Many products contain ingredients that trigger skin inflammation; over exfoliation and using too many products can heighten the skin’s sensitivity. Stick with a minimalist routine of organic beauty products and avoid going OTT with salon skin treatments will help reduce skin irritation.

Normal skin

If you’ve scored a normal skin type – count your skin blessings! This skin type usually has an even skin tone, fewer wrinkles and doesn’t exhibit signs of excessive oil, dryness or sensitivity.

Skin types can change over time and can be affected by hormonal changes during times like pregnancy and menopause.

Normal skin types usually require less maintenance than the others however normal skin doesn’t necessarily  = perfect skin. It’s still important to maintain a consistent routine with certified organic skin care to keep skin vibrant and healthy.

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